Inadequate production of thyroid hormone during gestation and early infancy results in a condition known as cretinism, which is characterized by growth retardation and … Growth hormone secreted by the pituitary gland is responsible for dwarfism or shortness. It features dwarfism, mental retardation, dry skin, a large tongue and a puffy face. (C follows D)(cretins have disproportionate limbs) ... Cretinism is a type of hypothyroidism that occurs in infants or kids. Cretinism is a medical condition caused by an untreated congenital thyroid hormone deficiency. There are approximately 400 types of dwarfism. In some cases, it can happen spontaneously. Cretinism can be common, genetic or periodic. Hello Everyone, How do we differentiate between dwarfism and cretinism? Thyroid deficiency may result from: Iodine deficiency (in developing nations) When pituitary produces an insufficient amount of growth hormone, it retards the height of an individual. It is present from birth. cretinism A condition caused by thyroid underaction from severe iodine deficiency early in life. Cretinism is a medical condition present at birth wherein there is a decreased or absent thyroid function and thyroid hormone production [1]. Dwarfism is usually the result of a genetic mutation. Iodization of table salt and early screening of babies has largely eliminated the condition from such regions. But if left untreated, patients may have stunted growth to the point of dwarfism. Incidence is 1:3000 to 1:4000 in an iodine-deficient endemic area. Cretinism is of 2 types: Congenital Cretinism. Congenital hypothyroidism, previously known as cretinism, is a severe deficiency of thyroid hormone in newborns. Lack of thyroid hormones is the cause. Dwarfism. Bones and muscles may also degenerate. If untreated, it results in mild to severe impairment of both physical and mental growth and development. It can be caused due to a defect in the genes encoding various enzymes involved in thyroid hormone synthesis such as thyroglobulin, iodotyrosine deiodinase and … But having a gene or genes responsible for dwarfism can occur in a couple of ways. When untreated, this could lead to severely stunted physical and mental growth of the newborn [2]. In several hormonal disorders and hereditary conditions dwarfism is associated with subnormal intelligence. Cretinism occurs mainly in regions remote from the sea. Cretinism Etiology. Newborns with Cretinism can be of normal weight and height. It causes mental retardation and dwarfism. Just remember GIRL G- Growth- Reduced in both I- IQ- Normal in pituitary dwarfism and decreased in cretenism R-Reproduction-Absent or delayed puberty in bothL-Limbs- Proportionate in Dwarfs and Disproportionate in cretins. 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